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Volcanoes of Mars: The Largest Volcanoes Found on the Pink Planet


An enormous discovery was revealed on the fifty fifth Lunar and Planetary Science Convention the place scientists disclosed the identification of a colossal volcano named the Noctis volcano. This new volcano is situated within the Tharsis volcanic province on Mars. Scientists weren’t in a position to detect this volcano beforehand regardless of repeated makes an attempt at imaging it by spacecrafts since 1971.

It is a new potential web site for future exploration, and the detection of a potential glacier throughout the volcano’s neighborhood implies that future robotic and human missions may doubtlessly extract water from this area. This isn’t the primary volcano found on Mars; past the Noctis volcano, there are different beforehand recognized ones as nicely.

Listed here are a few of the greatest volcanoes found on Mars till now.

The Noctis Volcano

The not too long ago found Noctis Volcano is situated south of Mars’ equator within the Easter Noctis Labyrinthus close to the colossal Valles Marineris canyon system. It spans 450 kilometers in width and over 9000 meters in peak.

Noctis Volcano discovered on Mars
The newly found large volcano on Mars is situated simply south of the planet’s equator, in Jap Noctis Labyrinthus, west of Valles Marineris, the planet’s huge canyon system. Credit score: Background picture: NASA/USGS Mars globe. Geologic interpretation and annotations by Pascal Lee and Sourabh Shubham 2024).

This volcano’s presence is marked by varied options, together with a caldera remnant, mineral formations, and lava flows. The central summit area is marked by elevated mesas that kind an arc that means a once-active vent and previous volcanic exercise.

Topographic map exhibiting the enduring location of the Noctis volcano between the biggest volcanic and canyon provinces on Mars. Credit score: Background picture: NASA Mars World Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) digital elevation mannequin. Geologic interpretation & annotations by Pascal Lee and Sourabh Shubham 2024).

Olympus Mons

Olympus Mons is the tallest volcano not simply on Mars however in your complete photo voltaic system, dominating the geography of the area it’s situated in. The volcano is roughly 22 kilometers excessive and covers an space about the identical dimension because the state of Arizona. The sloping slides and big caldera give it a novel look, much like defend volcanoes on Earth just like the Mauna Loa. The caldera alone measures about 80 kilometers and suggests an extended historical past of earlier volcanic exercise on the planet.

Olympus Mons

Olympus is Mars’s tallest volcano and its tallest planetary mountain. It’s about two and a half instances Mount Everest’s peak above sea stage. Credit score: ESA

The Arsia Mons is situated close to the Martian equator and is likely one of the largest volcanoes on the planet. It’s roughly 14 kilometers excessive and 115 kilometers large, surrounded by fissures and several other collapsed pits. Its options counsel a violent previous with explosive eruptions and in depth lava flows in its area. Located within the Tharsis Montes area, Arsia Mons neighbors two extra distinguished volcanoes, Ascraeus Mons and Pavonis Mons, forming a trio of volcanic giants close to Olympus Mons.

Olympus Mons

Credit score: European House Company

Elysium Mons

One other volcano close to the Martian equator within the Elysium Planitia area, the Elysium Mons is a comparatively younger volcano that encompasses a broad summit. Regardless of its decrease stature in comparison with Olympus Mons, Elysium Mons is roughly 12.5 kilometers excessive and 15 kilometers large. The plateau it’s on is named the Elysium Plantia, the place quite a few different options point out a volcanic presence.

Elysium Mons - volcano on Mars

ISRO’s Mars Orbiter Mission captured this view of considered one of Mars’ big volcanoes on April 25, 2016. The picture covers an space about 2000 kilometers large. Night clouds have fashioned over the highstanding volcano. Credit score: ISRO / ISSDC / Emily Lakdawalla

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