Home History & Archaeology Codices of San Andrés Tetepilco Recovered in Mexican Church

Codices of San Andrés Tetepilco Recovered in Mexican Church

Codices of San Andrés Tetepilco Recovered in Mexican Church


With confirmed authenticity that hyperlinks them to the transition interval between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, three pictographic paperwork known as the Codices of San Andrés Tetepilco, amongst which one stands out that may be thought-about a continuation of the Pilgrimage Strip or Boturini Codex, have been recovered by the Mexican folks.

At a press convention, held on the Nationwide Museum of Anthropology, the federal Ministry of Tradition, the Nationwide Institute of Anthropology and Historical past (INAH) introduced the acquisition of those cultural belongings, that are included into the Assortment of Mexican Codices of the Nationwide Library of Anthropology and Historical past (BNAH).

The acquisition was described as a milestone, akin to the authentication as pre-Hispanic of the Mayan Codex of Mexico (previously Grolier) six years in the past.

On this case, they’re codices that protect the Mesoamerican scriptural custom and seek advice from the founding of San Andrés Tetepilco, in addition to its entry into a brand new sociopolitical order, within the first many years of the viceroyalty.

Codex of the Foundation of Tetepilco. (©SC, INAH, BNAH/INAH)

Codex of the Basis of Tetepilco. (©SC, INAH, BNAH/INAH)

These three paperwork are added to the 200 Mesoamerican codices – of the roughly 550 which are acknowledged on the planet – within the custody of the BNAH, that since 1997 have been a part of the Reminiscence of the World, by the United Nations Instructional Group of Science and Tradition.

From the Board of Trustees of INAH AC, the varied sponsors have been acknowledged, together with folks and corporations dedicated to the conservation and preservation of Mexican cultural heritage, whose will allowed us to boost 9.5 million pesos (plus VAT) to acquire this documentary corpus, which remained for generations within the palms of a household, who requested to stay nameless.

Because of this switch of possession, the folks of Mexico now maintain the Codices of San Andrés Tetepilco which, in line with INAH researchers, are a part of the so-called blended codices, as they include work from indigenous custom and texts in Nahuatl or Spanish, written with the European alphabet.

Use of the European alphabet is found in the codexes. (©SC, INAH, BNAH  /INAH)

Use of the European alphabet is discovered within the codexes. (©SC, INAH, BNAH/INAH)

A Swallowed City Spews its Historical past

San Andrés Tetepilco is situated within the southeast of Mexico Metropolis, though right this moment it’s misplaced within the city space of the Iztapalapa municipality.

Within the durations to which the three paperwork refer, it was beneath the jurisdiction of Iztacalco. These paperwork embrace the Map of the Founding of Tetepilco, the Stock of the Church of San Andrés Tetepilco, and the Strip of Tetepilco.

Relating to the latter, it was indicated that, along with the Pilgrimage Strip or Boturini Codex, it comprises roughly the identical interval contained within the Aubin Codex, which covers from 1064 to 1607.

Teachers from the Nationwide Autonomous College of Mexico (UNAM) recalled that 15 years in the past, on the invitation of the then chronicler of Azcapotzalco, they went to a personal dwelling within the Coyoacán municipality and noticed the pictographs for the primary time, utilizing a monitor.

It wasn’t till two years in the past that BNAH authorities have been capable of see them bodily and handle a research to verify their authenticity, which has concerned the evaluation of their composition, by consultants from the UNAM Physics Institute and the Coordination Nationwide Conservation of Cultural Heritage of the INAH.

Preliminary examinations confirmed that they have been made on amate paper, on which a layer of gesso, cochineal lacquer, inks obtained from vegetation and charcoal, and indigo, for the colours purple, yellow ocher, black and blue, have been utilized.

The Tetepilco Strip, composed of 20 folded display screen sheets, narrates the historical past of Tenochtitlan by 4 themes: the founding of the town, in 1300 (which suggests a spot of 25 years); the document of the lords who ruled it in pre-Hispanic instances; the arrival of the Spanish, in 1519, and the viceregal interval, till 1611.

The assembly is recorded, between 1427 and 1440, of the tlatoani Itzcóatl with the tlacatecatl or chief of his military, Moctezuma Ilhuicamina (later tlatoani), who had achieved the conquest of Tetepilco, whose lord, Huehuetzin, and his courtroom of nobles seem rendering vassalage. In brief, the message is to indicate the incorporation of Tetepilco into the historical past of Tenochtitlan.

Relating to the Map of the founding of Tetepilco, UNAM researchers defined that it comprises historical-geographic data, together with information, coinciding with actual places, of the place names of Culhuacan, Tetepilco, Tepanohuayan, Cohuatlinchan, Xaltocan and Azcapotzalc.

Prime picture: Stock of the Tetepilco church.   Supply: Photograph: ©SC, INAH, BNAH /INAH

This text is a translated press launch by the INAH, titled, ‘The INAH recovers the Codices of San Andrés Tetepilco’.



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